Sewell turned her short speech into a star turn on two counts. First, she kept the sentiment of the event from turning cloying and backward-facing, when she recounted words from one of the women foot soldiers who'd faced down the Alabama State Police on the bridge:
There is still much work to be done. In fact, it was Amelia Boynton, 105 years old, who was my special guest at the State of the Union. As many people passed her in the hall, they would say, "Mrs. Boynton, we stand on your shoulders. We stand on your shoulders." Mrs. Boynton said, "Get off my shoulders! There's plenty of work to do!" So I say to you, America, there's plenty of work to do.You can see in the video below that this left the President laughing, always a good marker of success for a speaker.
Sewell also took seriously the mundane task assigned to her: Introducing the next speaker, Rep. John Lewis. A beloved figure in the civil rights movement, he was the youngest speaker at the March on Washington, and took blows himself on the bridge at Selma. Sewell gave him anything but a pro forma introduction, demonstrating how effective you can be if you put time into a basic speaking chore:
Now I have the great honor of introducing someone I did not know how to address when I first came to Congress. Do I call him colleague? Do I call him Congressman Lewis? Do I dare call him John? He is a civil rights icon, and a little black girl who grew up in Selma stands in his shadow. It is because of you, John, that so many of us get to walk the halls of Congress, get to sit in the Oval Office. It is because of your bravery and the bravery of those foot soldiers that I get to be Alabama's first African-American congresswoman. To say thank you is not enough. Let me just say, we know we have unfinished business, John, and we know there is much work to do.What can you learn from this famous speech?
- Keep an honest balance: In commemorating the horrific day known as "Bloody Sunday," every speaker at the anniversary needed to balance honoring the past while not suggesting that all discrimination has ended. Sewell chose to do this effectively with the voice of one of the women foot soldiers, still impatient for change. In doing so, she added a note of humor and catharsis to the day's speaking, and avoided too much sentimentality.
- Include yourself in your remarks: Sewell puts herself into her remarks throughout this short speech, without sounding self-aggrandizing. She does that by making herself a living marker of progress, noting that she grew up in Selma without segregation, and her achievement of getting elected as the state's first black congresswoman. As a bonus, including her unique perspective meant her remarks would not sound like a copy of anyone else's--and yielded the laugh line of the morning.
- Even the lowest-ranking speaker should have a great speech: Some might think it's their job not to outshine anyone else on the platform, and that would be hard to do, anyway, with two presidents, two First Ladies and a civil rights icon sharing the stage with you. But Sewell gives her speech as much care and attention as if she were the only speaker that day, and it paid off.
(Official White House photo by Lawrence Jackson)
Selma: Rep. Terri Sewell