Here are 6 things I think make this talk work well. Congratulations, Judson!
- Time management: Clocking in at 9 minutes, 16 seconds, Brewer's talk is complex and compact. Mind you, he's talking about multiple studies and their results, not just one. But with careful editing, we learn just what we need to understand his topic. That work comes in during the scripting process, with edits made as practice and coaching require.
- The premise comes in early: Good TED talks focus on just one big idea and get it on the table early. Often, as here, that's expressed as a "what if" question. Just after the three-minute mark, Brewer states the core premise of the research, and the talk: "What if, instead of fighting our brains or trying to force ourselves to pay attention, we instead tapped into this natural, reward-based learning process...but added a twist? What if instead we just got really curious about what was happening in our momentary experience?" You'll notice he echoes it again at the end, couching it then in terms of how it translates into your everyday life. In other words, the talk uses one-third of its time at the start for the setup, then shares the premise, then spends the rest of the talk giving examples and further shaping the premise.
- Judicious use of slides in a research talk: If you look closely, you'll notice that when Brewer finishes talking about a slide up on the screen, he moves to a "blank" patterned slide that matches the set. At TEDMED, we try to make sure you get off the slide once you're done talking about its content, and the blank slide is the best way to do that. It gives the audience the chance to focus just on the speaker, rather than divide its attention, and gives the presentation a cleaner look.
- Clear language throughout: You can show this talk to your grandma or to a kid, and still expect them to understand virtually all of it. That's good communication. Many researchers scoff about using simple language, saying they don't want to "dumb it down"--a remark that's insulting to the audience's intelligence. Clarity should be the goal for research talks.
- Just enough personal touches: If you wince at the thought of adding a personal story to your TED-style talk, Brewer gives an early example of how to do it briefly. He talks about how difficult he found it to meditate when he first began to practice, adding just enough of a personal touch. Newsflash: Your personal touches don't have to be long, hand-wringing, divulging stories...unless that's what the talk needs. Just like slides and props, stories and personal details have to earn their keep.
- Good stance on stage and natural gesturing: Brewer doesn't move around much, and most speakers don't need to move. He shifts stance and looks at different segments of the audience, and his gesturing is random and natural--just as it should be. It has a calming effect that, again, lets the audience focus on the talk.
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